An Overview of Kiwi
The Kiwi plant, also known as the kiwifruit vine, is a deciduous woody vine that is native to China but is now grown in many parts of the world. The plant is known for its edible fruit, the kiwifruit, which is green and covered with a fuzzy brown exterior.
More to love in Kiwi:
- The Kiwi plant can grow up to 30 feet in length
- Requires a support structure such as a trellis or fence to grow on
- In addition to its fruit, the Kiwi plant is also cultivated for its ornamental value
- It has attractive foliage and can provide shade during the summer months
- The plant is also known to have potential health benefits
Benefits of Kiwi
Kiwi is a nutrient-dense fruit with vitamins C, K, E, folate, and potassium. The enzymes in Kiwi can help improve digestion and alleviate constipation. Kiwi's high vitamin C content can help boost the immune system and protect against infections.
The high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin found in Kiwi may help protect against age-related macular degeneration, a common cause of blindness. The Vitamin C in Kiwi can help promote collagen production and improve skin health.
How to Sow Seeds and Care for the Kiwi Plant
Start by selecting ripe Kiwi fruit and removing the seeds from the flesh. Rinse the seeds and allow them to dry for a few days. Once dry, plant the seeds in a well-draining soil mix, keeping the soil moist but not waterlogged.
Kiwi seeds can germinate for up to six weeks, so be patient and ensure they are kept in a warm, sunny location. Once the Kiwi plant has sprouted and reached a few inches in height, it will require a support structure to climb on.
Install a trellis or fence for the plant to grow on and prune any excess foliage to promote growth and shape the plant. Kiwi plants require regular watering, especially during summer, and benefit from the occasional fertilizer application.
The plant is also susceptible to pests such as aphids, so regular monitoring and treatment may be necessary. It is important to note that Kiwi plants are dioecious, requiring both male and female plants for pollination and fruit production. Growing from seed may take several years for the plant to mature and produce fruit.
Note: This Overview is intended as a guide only since cultural practices and climatic conditions may vary.
- Name: Kiwifruit
- Plant Type: Fruit tree
- Hardiness Zones: 5-9 (USDA)
- Sun Exposure: Full
- Soil Type: Sandy, well-drained
- Germination: 2-3 Weeks
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Order: Ericales
- Family: Actinidiaceae
- Genus: Actinidia
- Species: A. deliciosa
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